Thanks to the roles played by the Doria and Pamphilj families in Italian history over the centuries, the replete Doria Pamphilj historical Archive today is not only a collection of documents relating to the history and affairs of the family, it is also of national interest, as demonstrated by the Declaration issued in 1965 by the Archival Superintendancy for Lazio.
The Archive is made up of documents belonging to a variety of Italian noble families that came together through marriages and inheritance, collected in an exceptionally rich resource.
The Doria archive was first created in Genoa by Admiral Andrea Doria (1466-1560), and includes paper as well as parchment documents produced between the 9th and 20th centuries by the family’s various estates. Giovanni Andrea Doria II enriched the archive with the Landi records on his marriage to Maria Polissena, sole heir of Federico Landi, prince of Valditaro and lord of Bardi and Compiano.
The Pamphilj family owed much of their fortune to prudently chosen marriages. Amongst the most celebrated unions were the marriage of Pamphilio Pamphilj to Olympia Maidalchini, a rich widow whose inheritance enabled her brother-in-law Giovan Battista to engage on his religious career and later become Pope Innocent X (1644-1655). The archive also includes papal correspondence and documents, preserved together with the records of the Maidalchini family. Another illustrious marriage was celebrated in 1671 between Giovan Battista Pamphilj and Violante Facchinetti. Thanks to this union the Archive gained the Facchineti family records, which has made it possible to clarify the origins of certain excellent paintings in the collection, such as “Susana and the Elders” whose provenance has been re-attributed to Annibale Carracci. The marriage between Giovanni Andrea Doria Landi III and the great niece of Pope Innocent X, Anna Pamphilj, also celebrated in 1671, led, one hundred years later, to the fusion of the two sources that make up the present Doria Pamphilj Archive, which has continued to grow since then thanks to the documents produced by succeeding generations of the family.
The Archives present home, built by the palace architect Andrea Busiri Vici in about 1876, when all of the documents stored in Genoa and in the family’s various Italian estates and properties, were brought to Rome and inventoried.
The Doria Pamphilj Archive is open to academics and researchers on Tuesdays and Wednesdays by prior arrangement. Contact the Administration at firstname.lastname@example.org).