VILLA DEL PRINCIPE
Palazzo di Andrea Doria
Andrea Doria (1466-1560), began his career as a captain of fortune. Having become an admiral, he rendered his services to King Francis I of France, Pope Clement VII and, from 1528, Emperor Charles V. It was his association with the Hapsburgs that determined the fortunes of Doria and the Republic of Genoa. Andrea Doria distinguished himself as a patron; together with his wife Peretta Usodimare he created a Renaissance court that remained a model for Genoese history.
Giovanni Andrea I Doria
Giovanni Andrea I Doria (1540-1606), son of Giannettino, victim of the Fieschi conspiracy, became Andrea Doria’s successor and on his ancestor’s death inherited the galley crew, the offices, the fiefdoms and the residence of Palazzo del Principe. He distinguished himself as a patron, enlarging and enriching the Villa del Principe and the other palaces he owned; together with his wife Zenobia he founded and renovated numerous religious buildings in the name of a profound Catholic devotion in the Counter-Reformation style.
Giannettino Doria (1510-1547), son of Tommaso, Andrea’s first cousin, was designated by the Admiral as his heir. He had a brilliant career at sea, participating in important expeditions against the Ottoman armies. He died from an arquebus shot during the Fieshi conspiracy. He was succeeded by his eldest son John Andrew I.
Andrea II (1570-1612), eldest son of Giovanni Andrea I and Zenobia del Carretto, continued his father’s activity, engaging in the fight against the Turks in the Mediterranean. He married Giovanna Colonna, niece of the Roman prince Marcantonio, and together with his wife welcomed the Archduchess Margaret of Austria, who was passing through Genoa on her way to Spain, to the Palazzo di Fassolo.
Giovanni Andrea II Doria
Giovanni Andrea II Doria (1607-1640), born with the name Pagano, succeeded his elder brother who had died prematurely in the line of succession. A careful matrimonial policy united him with Maria Polissena Landi, who brought as dowry the fiefs of Bardi and Compiano in Val di Taro. He died at a young age and his inheritance passed to the couple’s eldest son, Andrea III.
Maria Polissena Landi
Maria Polissena Landi (1608-1679) married Giovanni Andrea II Doria in 1627, bringing as her dowry the fiefs of Bardi and Compiano. Widowed at a young age, she managed and administered the family property, as well as providing for the education of her son, who became prince with the name Andrea III.
Andrea III Doria Landi
Andrea III Doria Landi (1628-1654), was raised by his mother Maria Polissena Landi, who ruled the family until her son came of age. In 1652 Andrea married Violante Lomellini, daughter of Nicolò, Senator of the Republic and niece of Giacomo, Doge in 1625, and the only heir of this influential family branch. Andrea died prematurely, leaving in his will the guardianship of his son Giovanni Andrea III, born in 1653, and the regency of the family line to his wife Violante.
Violante Lomellini (1632-1708) married Andrea III Doria Landi in 1652. She was widowed at the age of 21 and, according to her husband’s will, had to manage the family estate and look after her son, the future Prince Giovanni Andrea III. Due to a violent epidemic of plague that struck Genoa and Liguria, Violante and her son retired to Loano, where she was buried in the Church of Carmel after her death in 1708.
Giovanni Andrea III Doria Landi
Giovanni Andrea III Doria Landi (1653-1737), son of Andrea III and Violante Lomellini, inherited the Doria family when he was eighteen years old. In 1671 he married the young Roman noblewoman Anna Pamphilj, niece of Pope Innocent X. The wedding, on the occasion of which Villa del Principe was enriched with new works of art, guaranteed the Dorias the inheritance of the Pamphillian heritage: about a century after the marriage between Giovanni Andrea and Anna, with the extinction of the Roman line of the Pamphilj family, the princes of Melfi transferred their residence to the Urbe and added the Roman surname to their own.
Giovanni Andrea IV Doria Landi
Giovanni Andrea IV Doria Landi (1704-1764) married Eleonora Carafa, heir to a Neapolitan family of ancient nobility, after having been united in first marriage with the blood relative Teresa Doria Del Carretto. Following the death of the last Pamphilj prince (1761), Giovanni Andrea IV received the inheritance of the Roman lineage as heir of Anna Pamphilj and in 1761 moved to Rome.
Giorgio Doria (1708-1759) was appointed cardinal in 1743 and was later appointed legate of Bologna. In 1754 he returned to Rome, where he continued his activities until the conclave that appointed Pope Clement XIII.
Antonio Maria Doria Pamphilj Landi
Antonio Maria Doria Pamphilj Landi (1749-1821) was elected cardinal in 1785, together with his brother Joseph. During his career he revealed his pro-French positions that led him to support Napoleon.
Giuseppe Doria Landi
Giuseppe Doria Landi (1751-1816), after receiving the purple cardinalate together with his brother Antonio in 1785, received the position of Secretary of State, thanks to which he was involved in the definition of the peace agreement between the Papal State and France. This was the occasion for the cardinal to express his pro-French positions, which were consolidated by his confidence in Napoleon. Following the fall of Napoleon and as a result of the enmity that his French sympathies had earned him in the Roman Curia, Joseph was forced to resign.
Andrea IV Doria Pamphilj Landi
Andrea IV Doria Pamphilj Landi (1747-1820), baptised in Genoa as Giorgio, moved to Rome with his family in 1761. He distinguished himself for his passion in musical studies, poetry and literature. He initiated a renovation of the Pamphilian Palace, which was refurbished by some of the most important architects of the time. Andrea married Leopoldina di Savoia Carignano, daughter of Prince Luigi Vittorio, with whom he lived in the Roman palace, which became the scene of sumptuous receptions. On the death of Andrea IV in 1820, his estate passed to his second son Luigi, who took the name Giovanni Andrea V.