VILLA DEL PRINCIPE
Palazzo di Andrea Doria
Andrea Doria (1466-1560), began his career as a captain of fortune. Having become an admiral, he rendered his services to King Francis I of France, Pope Clement VII and, from 1528, Emperor Charles V. It was his association with the Hapsburgs that determined the fortunes of Doria and the Republic of Genoa. Andrea Doria distinguished himself as a patron; together with his wife Peretta Usodimare he created a Renaissance court that remained a model for Genoese history.
Giovanni Andrea I Doria
Giovanni Andrea I Doria (1540-1606), son of Giannettino, victim of the Fieschi conspiracy, became Andrea Doria’s successor and on his ancestor’s death inherited the galley crew, the offices, the fiefdoms and the residence of Palazzo del Principe. He distinguished himself as a patron, enlarging and enriching the Villa del Principe and the other palaces he owned; together with his wife Zenobia he founded and renovated numerous religious buildings in the name of a profound Catholic devotion in the Counter-Reformation style.
Giannettino Doria (1510-1547), son of Tommaso, Andrea’s first cousin, was designated by the Admiral as his heir. He had a brilliant career at sea, participating in important expeditions against the Ottoman armies. He died from an arquebus shot during the Fieshi conspiracy. He was succeeded by his eldest son John Andrew I.
Andrea II (1570-1612), eldest son of Giovanni Andrea I and Zenobia del Carretto, continued his father’s activity, engaging in the fight against the Turks in the Mediterranean. He married Giovanna Colonna, niece of the Roman prince Marcantonio, and together with his wife welcomed the Archduchess Margaret of Austria, who was passing through Genoa on her way to Spain, to the Palazzo di Fassolo.
Giovanni Andrea II Doria
Giovanni Andrea II Doria (1607-1640), christened Pagano, continued the lineage after the premature death of his older brother. A carefully-arranged marriage to Maria Polissena Landi enriched the family through her dowry, the fiefs of Bardi and Compiano in Val di Taro. Giovanni Andrea II died young and his inheritance passed to the couple’s eldest son, Andrea III, who remained under the care of his mother until he came of age.
Maria Polissena Landi
Maria Polissena Landi (1608-1679) married Giovanni Andrea II in 1627, bringing the fiefs of Bardi and Compiano as her dowry. Widowed at a young age, she managed the family assets and tutelage of her son who became Prince as Andrea III.
Andrea III Doria Landi
Andrea III Doria Landi (1628-1654), who lost his father at a young age, was raised by his mother Maria Polissena Landi, who headed the family until her son came of age. In 1652, Andrea married Violante Lomellini, daughter of Nicolò, Senator of the Republic and grandson of Giacomo, Doge in 1625, and sole heir of this influential family. Andrea died prematurely, and his will assigned that his wife Violante should be in charge of the family assets and the education of his son Giovanni Andrea III, born in 1653.
Violante Lomellini (1632-1708) married Andrea III Doria Landi in 1652. Widowed at the age of twenty-one, she respected her husband’s will and managed the family assets and tutelage of her son, the future Prince Giovanni Andrea III. When plague broke out in Genoa and Liguria, Violante and her son fled to Loano and when she died in 1708, she was buried there in the Carmelite church.
Giovanni Andrea III Doria Landi
Giovanni Andrea III Doria Landi (1653-1737), son of Andrea III and Violante Lomellini, inherited the Doria family assets at the age of eighteen. Giovanni Andrea III undertook to maintain his privileged status with the Spanish government while giving lustre to his family name. His marriage to the young Roman noblewoman Anna Pamphilj, niece of Pope Innocent X was an undisputed success. The wedding, for which the Palazzo di Fassolo was redecorated with new tapestries, silver, statues and paintings, merged the assets of the Pamphilj and Doria families: about a century after the marriage of Giovanni Andrea and Anna, with the extinction of the Roman line of the Pamphilj family, the princes of Melfi transferred their residence to Rome and added the Roman family name to theirs.
Giovanni Andrea IV Doria Landi
Giovanni Andrea IV Doria Landi (1704-1764) married Eleonora Carafa, heiress of an ancient noble Neapolitan family; he had first been married to his cousin, Teresa Doria Del Carretto. Following the death of the last Pamphilj prince (1761), Giovanni Andrea IV inherited the titles of the Roman dynasty as sole heir of Anna Pamphilj, and in 1761 he moved to Rome.
Giorgio Doria (1708-1759) became cardinal in 1743 and was later appointed Papal Legate to Bologna. In 1754, he returned to Rome where he continued his activities until the conclave that elected Pope Clement XIII.
Antonio Maria Doria Pamphilj Landi
Antonio Maria Doria Pamphilj Landi (1749-1821) was elected Cardinal in 1785, together with his brother Giuseppe. During his career he revealed his pro-French tendencies and strongly supported Napoleon.
Giuseppe Doria Landi
After becoming cardinal together with his brother Antonio in 1785, Giuseppe Doria Landi (1751-1816) became Secretary of State, and was thus involved in the peace agreement between the Papal State and France. This was an opportunity for the Cardinal to express his pro-French stance strengthened by his loyalty to Napoleon. However, with the defeat of Napoleon and because of the enmities his French sympathies had caused him in the Roman curia, Giuseppe Doria Landi was forced to resign.
Andrea IV Doria Pamphilj Landi
Andrea IV Doria Pamphilj Landi (1747-1820), born in Genoa and christened Giorgio, moved to Rome with his family in 1761, after having inherited the Pamphilj assets. Andrea distinguished himself for his studies especially in music, poetry and literature which were of great use in the renovation of Palazzo Pamphilj, for which he hired some of the most important architects of the time. After careful negotiations, Andrea married Leopoldina of Savoy Carignano, daughter of Prince Luigi Vittorio, and they lived in the palace on the Via del Corso in Rome which became the venue for many splendid events. When Andrea IV died in 1820, his inheritance passed to his second son Luigi who took the name Giovanni Andrea V.